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IPG Photonics Announces First Quarter 2019 Financial Results

April 30, 2019

OXFORD, Mass., April 30, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- IPG Photonics Corporation (NASDAQ: IPGP) today reported financial results for the first quarter ended March 31, 2019.

  Three Months Ended March 31,    
(In millions, except per share data and percentages) 2019   2018   Change
Revenue $ 315.0   $ 359.9   (12) %
Gross margin 47.3%   56.5%    
Operating income $ 68.3   $ 141.1   (52) %
Operating margin 21.7%   39.2%    
Net income attributable to IPG Photonics Corporation $ 55.2   $ 106.3   (48) %
Earnings per diluted share $ 1.02   $ 1.93   (47) %

Management Comments

"We were pleased to deliver first quarter results in line with our guidance given the challenging macroeconomic, geopolitical and competitive backdrop," said Dr. Valentin Gapontsev, IPG Photonics' Chief Executive Officer. "During the quarter business trends improved in China driving sequential growth in orders. More importantly, we have met competitive challenges head on through a combination of substantial reduction of component and manufacturing costs and introduction of unmatched product features that improve processing speed, flexibility and quality for our customers. We continue to demonstrate meaningful traction in ultra high power fiber lasers, and invest in new products and applications. We believe this progress substantially expands our addressable market and opens up opportunities that will drive the company's growth for many years."

Financial Highlights

First quarter revenue of $315 million decreased 12% year over year. Materials processing sales accounted for 96% of total revenue, decreasing 11% year over year due to lower sales in cutting and 3D printing applications. Sales into other applications decreased 32% year over year but with strong order growth in communications and government applications. The acquisition of Genesis Systems Group contributed $24 million during the quarter.

Sales of high power continuous wave (CW) lasers, representing 57% of total revenue, decreased 22% year over year. Sales of fiber lasers at 6 kilowatts of power or greater were nearly 50% of all high power CW laser sales, and high power CW lasers at 10 kilowatts or greater increased more than 40% year over year. Sales of other high power lasers declined year over year due to the weaker demand environment in China and Europe and lower average selling prices. By region, sales decreased 24% in China, 24% in Europe and 20% in Japan but increased 65% in North America on a year over year basis.

Earnings per diluted share ("EPS") of $1.02 decreased 47% year over year. Slightly lower than expected absorption of fixed manufacturing costs and a higher inventory provision reduced EPS by $0.04 relative to guidance. In addition, higher R&D material expenses, nonrecurring legal costs and foreign exchange losses reduced EPS by $0.04. The effective tax rate in the quarter was 24%, which benefited from certain discrete tax items. During the first quarter, IPG generated $46 million in cash from operations. Capital expenditures were $33 million, which included $21 million for the purchase of a new facility in Massachusetts.

Business Outlook and Financial Guidance

"We have seen further signs of improving business conditions in China, our largest region, with sequential growth in orders and good momentum through the first three weeks of the second quarter. Our first quarter book-to-bill ratio was above one, in line with normal seasonality, albeit off a lower base given the weaker macroeconomic climate. If this momentum in China is maintained, it should continue to drive better performance. Performance in Europe is generally stable but down from peak levels, reflecting reported economic trends in the region. We expect pricing headwinds related to competition in China to continue. We believe our innovative new products, accessories and complete solutions, which provide customers with a superior value proposition, both cement and enhance our market leadership position." said Dr. Gapontsev.

For the second quarter of 2019, IPG expects revenue of $340 million to $370 million. The Company expects the second quarter tax rate to be approximately 25%. IPG anticipates delivering earnings per diluted share in the range of $1.25 to $1.55, with 53.0 million basic common shares outstanding and 53.9 million diluted common shares outstanding.

"Commentary from our largest machine tool OEM customers continues to improve, but we do not yet have clear visibility into their full year order plans. As such, we do not believe it is appropriate to provide full year revenue guidance at this time. As a reminder, we would expect year-over-year trends to improve in the back half of 2019 driven by market recovery and strength in new products and solutions," added Dr. Gapontsev.

As discussed in more detail in the "Safe Harbor" passage of this news release, actual results may differ from this guidance due to various factors including, but not limited to, product demand, order cancellations and delays, competition, tariffs, trade policy changes and general economic conditions. This guidance is based upon current market conditions and expectations, and is subject to the risks outlined in the Company's reports with the SEC, and assumes exchange rates relative to the U.S. Dollar of Euro 0.89, Russian Ruble 65, Japanese Yen 111 and Chinese Yuan 6.73, respectively.

Supplemental Financial Information

Additional supplemental financial information is provided in the First Quarter 2019 Financial Data Workbook available on the investor relations section of the Company's website at

Conference Call Reminder

The Company will hold a conference call today, April 30, 2019 at 10:00 am ET. To access the call, please dial 877-407-6184 in the US or 201-389-0877 internationally. A live webcast of the call will also be available and archived on the investor relations section of the Company's website at


James Hillier
Vice President of Investor Relations
IPG Photonics Corporation

About IPG Photonics Corporation

IPG Photonics Corporation is the leader in high-power fiber lasers and amplifiers used primarily in materials processing and other diverse applications. The company’s mission is to make its fiber laser technology the tool of choice in mass production. IPG accomplishes this mission by delivering superior performance, reliability and usability at a lower total cost of ownership compared with other types of lasers and non-laser tools, allowing end users to increase productivity and decrease costs. A member of the S&P 500® Index, IPG is headquartered in Oxford, Massachusetts and has more than 25 facilities worldwide. For more information, visit

Safe Harbor Statement

Information and statements provided by IPG and its employees, including statements in this press release, that relate to future plans, events or performance are forward-looking statements. These statements involve risks and uncertainties. Any statements in this press release that are not statements of historical fact are forward-looking statements, including, but not limited to,  introduction of unmatched product features that improve processing speed, flexibility and quality for our customers,  meaningful traction in ultra high power fiber lasers, and investment in new products and applications, expanding our addressable market and opening up opportunities that will drive the company's growth for many years, momentum in China continuing to drive better performance, continued pricing headwinds related to competition in China, our innovative new products, accessories and complete solutions providing customers with a superior value proposition, cementing and enhancing our market leadership position, improving commentary from our largest machine tool OEM customers, and revenue and earnings guidance for Q2 2019.  Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially include risks and uncertainties, including risks associated with the strength or weakness of the business conditions in industries and geographic markets that IPG serves, particularly the effect of downturns in the markets IPG serves; uncertainties and adverse changes in the general economic conditions of markets; IPG's ability to penetrate new applications for fiber lasers and increase market share; the rate of acceptance and penetration of IPG's products; inability to manage risks associated with international customers and operations; changes in trade controls and trade policies; foreign currency fluctuations; high levels of fixed costs from IPG's vertical integration; the appropriateness of IPG's manufacturing capacity for the level of demand; competitive factors, including declining average selling prices; the effect of acquisitions and investments; inventory write-downs; asset impairment charges; intellectual property infringement claims and litigation; interruption in supply of key components; manufacturing risks; government regulations and trade sanctions; and other risks identified in IPG's SEC filings. Readers are encouraged to refer to the risk factors described in IPG's Annual Report on Form 10-K (filed with the SEC on February 27, 2019) and its periodic reports filed with the SEC, as applicable. Actual results, events and performance may differ materially. Readers are cautioned not to rely on the forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date hereof. IPG undertakes no obligation to update the forward-looking statements that may be made to reflect events or circumstances after the date hereof or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.

  Three Months Ended March 31,
  (In thousands, except per share data)
Net sales $ 315,047     $ 359,864  
Cost of sales 166,136     156,502  
Gross profit 148,911     203,362  
Operating expenses:      
Sales and marketing 19,275     13,516  
Research and development 32,496     28,546  
General and administrative 27,212     25,495  
Loss (gain) on foreign exchange 1,613     (5,295 )
Total operating expenses 80,596     62,262  
Operating income 68,315     141,100  
Other income (expense), net:      
Interest income, net 3,952     311  
Other income (expense), net (9 )   443  
Total other income 3,943     754  
Income before provision of income taxes 72,258     141,854  
Provision for income taxes (17,342 )   (35,520 )
Net income 54,916     106,334  
Less: net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests (243 )    
Net income attributable to IPG Photonics Corporation $ 55,159     $ 106,334  
Net income attributable to IPG Photonics Corporation per share:      
Basic $ 1.04     $ 1.98  
Diluted $ 1.02     $ 1.93  
Weighted average shares outstanding:      
Basic 53,001     53,694  
Diluted 53,874     55,182  


  March 31,   December 31,
  (In thousands, except share and per
share data)
Current assets:      
Cash and cash equivalents $ 548,938     $ 544,358  
Short-term investments 481,139     500,432  
Accounts receivable, net 231,850     255,509  
Inventories 417,817     403,579  
Prepaid income taxes 50,961     43,782  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 61,389     57,764  
Total current assets 1,792,094     1,805,424  
Deferred income taxes, net 17,438     19,165  
Goodwill 110,349     100,722  
Intangible assets, net 93,280     87,139  
Property, plant and equipment, net 570,756     543,068  
Other assets 41,954     18,932  
Total assets $ 2,625,871     $ 2,574,450  
Current liabilities:      
Current portion of long-term debt $ 3,688     $ 3,671  
Accounts payable 39,970     36,302  
Accrued expenses and other liabilities 153,151     154,640  
Income taxes payable 13,007     51,161  
Total current liabilities 209,816     245,774  
Deferred income taxes and other long-term liabilities 106,988     80,734  
Long-term debt, net of current portion 40,779     41,707  
Total liabilities 357,583     368,215  
Commitments and contingencies      
IPG Photonics Corporation stockholders' equity:      
Common stock, $0.0001 par value, 175,000,000 shares authorized; 54,538,307 and 53,108,213 shares issued and outstanding, respectively, at March 31, 2019; 54,371,701 and 52,941,607 shares issued and outstanding, respectively, at December 31, 2018 5     5  
Treasury stock, at cost (1,430,094 shares held at both March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018) (224,998 )   (224,998 )
Additional paid-in capital 746,926     744,937  
Retained earnings 1,903,659     1,848,500  
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (157,751 )   (162,896 )
Total IPG Photonics Corporation stockholders' equity 2,267,841     2,205,548  
Noncontrolling interests 447     687  
Total equity 2,268,288     2,206,235  
Total liabilities and equity $ 2,625,871     $ 2,574,450  


  Three Months Ended March 31,
  (In thousands)
Cash flows from operating activities:      
Net income $ 54,916     $ 106,334  
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:      
Depreciation and amortization 22,802     19,223  
Provisions for inventory, warranty & bad debt 9,912     9,318  
Other 16,212     11,829  
Changes in assets and liabilities that used cash:      
Accounts receivable and accounts payable 24,808     9,076  
Inventories (19,719 )   (49,744 )
Other (63,381 )   (6,383 )
Net cash provided by operating activities 45,550     99,653  
Cash flows from investing activities:      
Purchases of property, plant and equipment (32,839 )   (39,113 )
Proceeds from sales of property, plant and equipment 181     210  
Purchases of investments (178,101 )   (70,777 )
Proceeds from sales of investments 202,856     70,161  
Acquisitions of businesses, net of cash acquired (20,005 )    
Other (134 )   76  
Net cash used in investing activities (28,042 )   (39,443 )
Cash flows from financing activities:      
Principal payments on long-term borrowings (911 )   (895 )
Proceeds from issuance of common stock under employee stock option and purchase plans less payments for taxes related to net share settlement of equity awards (6,149 )   3,113  
Purchase of treasury stock, at cost     (20,071 )
Net cash used in financing activities (7,060 )   (17,853 )
Effect of changes in exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents (5,868 )   16,866  
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents 4,580     59,223  
Cash and cash equivalents  — Beginning of period 544,358     909,900  
Cash and cash equivalents — End of period $ 548,938     $ 969,123  
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:      
Cash paid for interest $ 749     $ 799  
Cash paid for income taxes $ 51,438     $ 19,546  


  Three Months Ended March 31,
  2019   2018
  (In thousands)
Step-up of inventory (1):
Cost of sales $   $ 282
Amortization of intangible assets:      
Cost of sales 1,346   1,169
Sales and marketing 1,810   602
Research and development 160   160
Total acquisition related costs and other charges $ 3,316   $ 2,213

(1) 2018 amount relates to step-up adjustments on inventory sold during the period.

  Three Months Ended March 31,
  (In thousands)
Cost of sales $ 2,039     $ 1,568  
Sales and marketing 787     556  
Research and development 1,857     1,416  
General and administrative 3,455     2,875  
Total stock-based compensation 8,138     6,415  
Tax benefit recognized (1,916 )   (1,431 )
Net stock-based compensation $ 6,222     $ 4,984  


  Three Months Ended March 31,
  2019   2018
  (In thousands)
Excess tax benefit on exercise of stock options included in net income $ 2,910   $ 3,159


Source: IPG Photonics Corporation

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